This plant grows in all tropical and subtropical regions. Eggplant is a delicate and tropical plant that is often planted as a sensitive and semi-resistant annual plant in temperate regions. The stem is often spiny. Eggplant flower is white to purple and has five petals and yellow stamens.
The egg-shaped, shiny and purple fruit has white flesh and fleshy texture. When cutting an eggplant, the cut surface turns brown quickly.
This plant grows to a height of 40 to 150 cm. It has large rough and jagged leaves that are 10 to 20 cm long and 5 to 10 cm wide. Semi-wild eggplants can grow up to 225 cm and their leaves can reach more than 30 cm in length and 15 cm in width. In wild plants, eggplants are less than 3 cm in diameter, but in domesticated and cultivated varieties, the length of the fruit is much larger, up to 30 cm or more.
Eggplant has been cultivated in India since ancient times and from there it has reached other parts of the world. China started cultivating it from the 9th century. English traders brought this plant from Guinea to England in the 17th century and called it Guinean gourd.
Eggplant include different varieties, including yellow, white, purple, etc. Eggplant is an edible product that is mostly used for cooking and has many medicinal and therapeutic properties.